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经济学人：一周要闻 亚马逊上调英美员工最低时薪 IMF任命新任首席经济学家 大众终止奥迪CEO施泰德合同
Volkswagen ended the contract of Rupert Stadler as CEO of its Audi unit, as a criminal investigation continues into his alleged role in VW’s emissions-cheating scandal. Mr Stadler has not been charged with a crime, but he has been kept in custody since June at the request of prosecutors, who think he might attempt to interfere with their work.
Deliveroo, a food-delivery firm and one of the fastest-growing startups in Britain’s gig economy, reported that although sales had more than doubled last year, its pre-tax annual loss had widened to ￡185m ($240m) as it forked out for new technology. Deliveroo is said to be discussing a partnership with Uber.
Amid political pressure about its pay practices in America and Britain, Amazon announced new minimum wages for its workers in both countries. In America its national hourly wage will be $15, smoothing out differences among cities. In Britain Amazon will pay staff in London ￡10.50 ($13.70) an hour. That is 30 pence above the minimum recommended by the Living Wage Foundation, an advisory body. Outside London it will pay ￡9.50.
Following pressure from activist investors, thyssenkrupp announced a plan to split itself in two. The German conglomerate will spin off its profitable elevator-technology business, car-parts unit and factory-construction assets into a separately listed company.
Petrobras was fined $853m by America’s Justice Department to settle allegations of corruption. Because Brazil’s state oil company trades on American markets it was subject to investigation under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.
Funding Circle’s highly anticipated IPO was a let-down. Shares in the peer-to-peer lender, a bellwether of London’s fintech industry, closed 17% below the offer price on the first full day of trading.
Gita Gopinath was named as the IMF’s new chief economist, replacing Maurice Obstfeld, who is retiring. Ms Gopinath is a world authority on exchange rates, sovereign debt and capital flows and has written extensively about the dollar’s continued supremacy in world trade. The strength of the greenback has exacerbated currency crises in places such as Argentina, which has turned to the IMF for a bail-out.
IMF任命Gita Gopinath为新任首席经济学家，接替即将退休的莫里斯·奥布斯特费尔德(Maurice Obstfeld)。Gopinath女士是世界汇率、主权债务和资本流动方面的权威，她撰写了大量有关美元在全球贸易中持续称霸的文章。美元走强加剧了阿根廷等国的货币危机，阿根廷已向IMF寻求纾困。